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corilon violins

The bow makers of Markneukirchen: Knopf, Pfretzschner, Rau


Markneukirchen bow makers and the origins of violin bow making in Germany


As the art of building stringed instruments flourished in Markneukirchen, it had several effects which not only included in a greater division of labour in violin making. In addition, related businesses evolved: manufacturers began producing strings, and bow makers opened studios which rank among the oldest and most important in Germany. Despite the fact that efforts to establish a separate guild of Markneukirchen bow makers failed in 1790 due to opposition from the violin makers' guild, this nevertheless reflects that manufacturing fine bows for stringed instruments had become its own distinct tradition in Markneukirchen.


strong>KnopfOne of the first to make bows in Germany was bow maker Christian Wilhelm Knopf (1767-1837), the pater familias of a large line of bow makers. As a brilliant master and the inventor of the metal eyelet for the frog, he continued the tradition of the European pioneers of bow makers, John Dodd (1752-1839) and François Xavier Tourte (1747–1835). C. W. Knopf's descendants went on to make names for themselves far beyond the Vogtland region; here special mention should be made of Heinrich "Henry" Knopf (*1860) and J. Wilhelm Knopf (b. 1835), whose contemporaries regarded him as the country's finest bow maker.

Knopf master violin bow

Master violin bow, Knopf, 19th century

Provenance: Markneukirchen
Maker: Knopf family
Weight: 56.5 g
Year: approx. 1890
Price: 3.000,00 €

August Rau: violin bow, Markneukirchen

Silver mounted violin bow by August Rau

Inventory No.: B215
Provenance: Markneukirchen
Maker: August Rau
Weight: 60.8 g
Year: 1910 circa

Pfretzschner: Markneukirchen bow maker Hermann Richard Pfretzschner (1857–1921), son of an important Markneukirchen family of violin makers and merchants, attained international acclaim: the last major student of J. B. Vuillaume was the pioneer of French bow making standards in Germany.


Markneukirchen bow maker August Rau (b. 1866) produced outstanding violin and cello bows which can hold their own in comparisons to French masterpieces. After his apprenticeship in Markneukirchen, August Rau studied under Wilhelm Knopf and A. R. Weichold in Dresden before returning to his hometown to open his own workshop. August Rau used his excellent craftsmanship to craft pernambuco wood into both light and heavy bows.



Related articles in our information archive:

On the history of the violin bow

Ludwig Bausch: the "German Tourte"

Hopf: a dynasty of Vogtland violin makers

Fine violins of Germany and other countries

New arrivals in our catalogue
  • 3/4 - Fine Mittenwald 3/4 violin by Neuner & Hornsteiner, approx. 1850
  • Baroque viola in original condition, Mittenwald, approx. 1800 (certificate Christian Lijsen)
  • Old violin from Saxony, approx. 1940 - warm, dark, mellow sound
  • Old German lightweight violin bow, soft stick - warm, mellow tone
  • English Silver mounted violin bow: soft stick, mellow tone
  • 3/4 - Antique German 3/4 violin for young talents, Markneukirchen, c.1880
  • Early 19th century Hopf violin, approx. 1800 - large, voluminous sound
  • Fine Mittenwald master violin, c.1740, Sebastian Klotz circle
  • Fine German master violin bow after Tourte, 1920's
  • Fine 19th century English violin bow
  • 3/4 - antique French Breton 3/4 violin, Mirecourt
  • Fine silver mounted Markneukirchen violin bow, Hill model, 1940/1950
  • French violin bow, Tourte model, Mirecourt, approx. 1950
  • Fine French violin, Andre Coinus, Mirecourt 1927
  • Fine, 18th century Markneukirchen viola, 1780
  • Thomas Simon: Mittenwald violin, c.1850, with a powerful, ringing sound
  • Modern Italian violin, Carlo Dalatri, Florence
  • French violin No. 388 by Amédée Dieudonné, 1948
  • 19th century: Antique German violin from Saxony, c.1850
  • Modern violin made in the French style, probably Czech or Hungarian
  • Good German violin bow, W. E. Dörfler
  • Older English violin, J. R. Dutton 1979
  • Antique Mittenwald violin from the Mittenwald violin-making school, 1919
  • Powerful German violin bow by H.R. Pfretzschner