Search:
corilon violins

Search

Instrument finder

What kind of sound are you
looking for?
You can select one or more search fields and combine them however you like.

Instruments
Provenance
Year
Tone

Archive

More detailed information about stringed instruments and the history of violin making.


The end of violin making in Klingenthal


The decline and end of Klingenthal violin making


From the very outset, the Klingenthal tradition of violin making was more defined by solid musical quality than by a particularly progressive or nuanced aesthetic. The violin makers, who struggled due to the high fees they had to pay, were forced to sell their instruments quickly and in as large numbers as possible.

While violin makers initially travelled throughout the country to sell their work, the process of selling musical instruments became more professional over the course of the 18th century. Although they remained self-employed, many violin makers ended up growing increasingly dependent on merchants who wanted to satisfy the constantly rising international demand for inexpensive instruments. In the 1801 “Geography of the electoral and ducal Saxonian state,” Friedrich Gottlob Leonhardi documented the year's remarkable production figures: “117 basses and 4282 violins at a value of 2416 reichsthaler and 12 groschen without the harps, zithers, lutes, etc.” As the production process became more industrialised and serialised, the relatively privileged social status of violin makers continued to erode.

From the 1830s onward, the economic structure of the Vogtland underwent a fundamental shift. Large numbers of jobs in the less complex fields of manufacturing combs and harmonicas were created for workers with fewer skills; from the 1850s on, accordions were build as well. Many violin makers made an additional livelihood for themselves in these new businesses, and the demanding process of training apprentices waned over time. The American civil war contributed to the crisis among Vogtland violin makers, who had had one of their most important markets in the US. By 1862 only 166 individually-operated violin-making studios still survived, and in 1887, the Klingenthal guild of violin makers dissolved. It was re-founded in 1913 and existed until 1975; however, its low membership figures confirm that the art of violin making in Klingenthal never fully returned to its former glory.

Today, the vocational school of Vogtland instrument building carries on the Klingenthal tradition of violin making, the history of which is documented in the Markneukirchen museum of musical instruments.

Related articles:

Klingenthal: the origin of violin making

Crossing borders: on the history of violin making in western Bohemia

Hopf: a dynasty of Vogtland violin makers

Markneukirchen: violin making in “German Cremona”

Ernst Heinrich Roth: a rediscovered master

Noteworthy families of Markneukirchen violin makers

Other families of Klingenthal violin makers

The bow makers of Markneukirchen

H. R. Pfretzschner

Contemporary violin maker - the modern artisan

New arrivals in our catalogue
  • Antique Viennese master violin, c.1910
  • Powerful French violin, Grandjon school, approx. 1880
  • SALE Nicolas Augustin Chappuy - historic French violin approx. 1770
  • French composite violin by Nicolas Gosset, Reims circa 1760
  • German 3/4 violin by Louis Dölling, Jr., Markneukirchen 1934
  • Delicate historic French violin, Charotte family c.1820
  • Gustave Villaume workshop, French violin , Nancy 1926
  • SALE Victor Fétique - powerful French violin bow (certificate J. F. Raffin)
  • SALE Victor Fétique - Fine French violin bow (certificate by J. F. Raffin)
  • SALE German violin - 19th century, c.1870
  • Viol bow by H. R. Pfretzschner - viola da gamba bow
  • Charles Louis Bazin - French violin bow
  • Attractive Saxon master violin - c. 1920
  • David Christian Hopf, Jun. - Vogtland violin, c. 1819
  • Markneukirchen violin - after Jacobus Stainer, circa 1930
  • SALE Modern violin made in the French style, probably Czech or Hungarian
  • Franco Albanelli, 1991: A fine contemporary Italian violin (certificate Hieronymus Köstler) - concert master choice!
  • SALE 19th century French master violin - Nicolas Morlot from around 1810
  • SALE Fine Viennese cello, approx. 1800 - 1820
  • SALE Fine cello bow - After Eugene Sartory, Markneukirchen, 1910/1920
  • SALE Antique Mittenwald 3/4 violin, approx. 1880
  • SALE Georges Coné: Fine French violin no. 73. Lyon, 1937 - violinist's recommendation!
  • SALE Umberto Lanaro, Padova 1968, Italian viola (certificate Robert Bein)
  • Antique violin. 19th century Saxony, approx. 1870