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corilon violins

Violin making in western Bohemia and the Vogtland region


Schönbach and Graslitz: The history of violin making on the Bohemian-German border


In the 19th century, the new constellation of violin making in the economic region of the border between western Bohemian and the Vogtland evolved into a highly efficient division of labour. It went on to shape the wide-scale musical culture of Europe and the U.S. with the large numbers of cost-effective instruments it yielded. Smaller workshops throughout the entire binational area built instruments and, more notably, instrument parts to large-volume merchants who sold them internationally at top profits. In Schönbach, nearly 150,000 violins were produced each year in the late 19th century – along with 200,000 violin backs! These admirable figures clearly illustrate the economic structure of the instrument “publishing” business, as it was called.


There were, however, downsides to the industry's success. One was the massive need which prevailed amongst the families, who were completely financially dependent; the other was the dubious reputation of the lower-quality industrial products which to this day still clings to the era's Bohemian-Saxonian stringed instruments. Schönbach and Graslitz in particular were home to only a few violin makers who were able to create an instrument and all its parts from scratch– and who could afford the time to do so. However, their works – which were often purchased anonymously – had quite good acoustic and aesthetic properties, and these old Bohemian-Saxonian instruments do not deserve the fundamental disdain they frequently are given.


The Schönbach instrument makers experienced a minor form of emancipation from the supremacy of Markneukirchen around the turn of the 20th century when they founded two production cooperatives and established their own brokers. As a result, they were able to export some 20% of their own production by themselves. Within the interlinked business structure of the region, Schönbach stood out as the key centre for trading tonewoods, some 700 train cars of which were sold each year.






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Corilon violins • Lilienstrasse 2 • D-81669 München • Germany
Phone: +49 (0)89-444 19 619 • Fax: +49 (0)89-444 19 620
mail@corilon.comwww.corilon.com

New arrivals in our catalogue:
  • Modern mid 20th century English viola, oil varnished
  • Jules Sirgent, Paris, fine antique French violin patterned after Guarneri
  • Eckart Richter, fine contemporary master violin from Markneukirchen, 1995
  • French master violin, Jean Striebig, 1945
  • Interesting master violin from Bohemia, approx. 1870
  • Old German volin, oil varnish, 1940/1950's
  • Strong, active viola bow - Germany, 1970's, W. Seifert
  • Silver mounted German viola bow, active and strong
  • Older, 1970's Bubenreuth violin in excellent condition
  • Michael Reindl, petite Mittenwald master violin, 1935
  • NEW SOUND SAMPLE / Historic master violin, late 18th century, Prague School
  • Fine and precisely reacting 1920's English violin bow
  • Fine H. R. Pfretzschner violin bow, silver mounted - masterpiece
  • Excellent and highly recommendable Markneukirchen violin bow, approx. 1920
  • German 1920's violin bow, Max Schäffner, Hamburg
  • Max König, Munich, rare violin dated 1907
  • LEASE ONLY: Contemporary Italian master violin by Nicola Vendrame
  • LEASE ONLY: Historical violin by Johann Georg Leeb, Preßburg, 1786
  • LEASE ONLY: Plinio Michetti, a fine old Italian violin, Torino
  • LEASE ONLY: Contemporary Cremonese master violin, Daniele Scolari
  • LEASE ONLY: Riccardo Bergonzi, contemporary Cremonese master violin
  • LEASE ONLY: Giulio Cesare Gigli, fine 18th century Italian violin, approx. 1750
  • LEASE ONLY: Franco Albanelli, a fine contemporary Italian violin
  • Fine violin of the Thir school, approx. 1750 (certificate Hieronymus Köstler)