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More detailed information about stringed instruments and the history of violin making.


corilon violins

Violin making in western Bohemia and the Vogtland region


Schönbach and Graslitz: The history of violin making on the Bohemian-German border


In the 19th century, the new constellation of violin making in the economic region of the border between western Bohemian and the Vogtland evolved into a highly efficient division of labour. It went on to shape the wide-scale musical culture of Europe and the U.S. with the large numbers of cost-effective instruments it yielded. Smaller workshops throughout the entire binational area built instruments and, more notably, instrument parts to large-volume merchants who sold them internationally at top profits. In Schönbach, nearly 150,000 violins were produced each year in the late 19th century – along with 200,000 violin backs! These admirable figures clearly illustrate the economic structure of the instrument “publishing” business, as it was called.


There were, however, downsides to the industry's success. One was the massive need which prevailed amongst the families, who were completely financially dependent; the other was the dubious reputation of the lower-quality industrial products which to this day still clings to the era's Bohemian-Saxonian stringed instruments. Schönbach and Graslitz in particular were home to only a few violin makers who were able to create an instrument and all its parts from scratch– and who could afford the time to do so. However, their works – which were often purchased anonymously – had quite good acoustic and aesthetic properties, and these old Bohemian-Saxonian instruments do not deserve the fundamental disdain they frequently are given.


The Schönbach instrument makers experienced a minor form of emancipation from the supremacy of Markneukirchen around the turn of the 20th century when they founded two production cooperatives and established their own brokers. As a result, they were able to export some 20% of their own production by themselves. Within the interlinked business structure of the region, Schönbach stood out as the key centre for trading tonewoods, some 700 train cars of which were sold each year.



New arrivals in our catalogue
  • German master viola No. 19, Klaus Schlegel, Erlbach / Markneukirchen
  • Roger François Lotte, fine French violin bow
  • Charming antique French violin after Antonio Stradivari
  • Strong, active violin bow, by Karl Heinz Richter, Silver
  • French violin bow, Mirecourt, probably J.T.L., approx. 1920
  • Very fine French viola bow by Pierre Testa, Paris (contemporary)
  • Fine antique Mittenwald Neuner & Hornsteiner violin, approx. 1860
  • Powerful German violin bow, Richard Geipel
  • Fine Italian viola by Marcello Martinenghi, 1949 (certificate Eric Blot)
  • Modern handmade Markneukirchen violin, by E. Wenzel 1992
  • Jacques Camurat, 1958: A French Paris master violin
  • Albert Nürnberger: Powerful silver mounted violin bow
  • French master violin No. 34 by Paul Hilaire, 1950
  • From the estate of Prof. Günter Szkokan: Fine viola by Ferdinand Kugler, Vienna, 1973
  • Fine French violin, Andre Coinus, Mirecourt 1927
  • Antique Mittenwald violin, c.1910, inventory of Eugen Gärtner Stuttgart
  • Luigi Lanaro, Padova, modern Italian violin, 1975 (certificate Eric Blot)
  • Jean-Joseph Honoré Derazey: French master violin (certificate Hieronymus Köstler)
  • Contemporary Italian master violin, Virgilio Cremonini, 2012
  • Italian violin, Francesco Cossu, 1979
  • Older Italian violin with a golden sound, 1970's
  • Giuseppe Lucci, fine Italian viola, Rome 1967 (certificate Eric Blot)
  • Modern Italian violin, Piero Virdis, Pattada 2002 (certificate Piero Virdis)
  • 3/4 - German 3/4 master violin, A. Fritsch, 1950