Search:
corilon violins

Search

Instrument finder

What kind of sound are you
looking for?
You can select one or more search fields and combine them however you like.

Instruments
Provenance
Year
Tone

Archive

More detailed information about stringed instruments and the history of violin making.


The bow makers of Markneukirchen: Knopf, Pfretzschner, Rau


Markneukirchen bow makers and the origins of violin bow making in Germany


As the art of building stringed instruments flourished in Markneukirchen, it had several effects which not only included in a greater division of labour in violin making. In addition, related businesses evolved: manufacturers began producing strings, and bow makers opened studios which rank among the oldest and most important in Germany. Despite the fact that efforts to establish a separate guild of Markneukirchen bow makers failed in 1790 due to opposition from the violin makers' guild, this nevertheless reflects that manufacturing fine bows for stringed instruments had become its own distinct tradition in Markneukirchen.


strong>KnopfOne of the first to make bows in Germany was bow maker Christian Wilhelm Knopf (1767-1837), the pater familias of a large line of bow makers. As a brilliant master and the inventor of the metal eyelet for the frog, he continued the tradition of the European pioneers of bow makers, John Dodd (1752-1839) and François Xavier Tourte (1747–1835). C. W. Knopf's descendants went on to make names for themselves far beyond the Vogtland region; here special mention should be made of Heinrich "Henry" Knopf (*1860) and J. Wilhelm Knopf (b. 1835), whose contemporaries regarded him as the country's finest bow maker.

Pfretzschner: Markneukirchen bow maker Hermann Richard Pfretzschner (1857–1921), son of an important Markneukirchen family of violin makers and merchants, attained international acclaim: the last major student of J. B. Vuillaume was the pioneer of French bow making standards in Germany.


Markneukirchen bow maker August Rau (b. 1866) produced outstanding violin and cello bows which can hold their own in comparisons to French masterpieces. After his apprenticeship in Markneukirchen, August Rau studied under Wilhelm Knopf and A. R. Weichold in Dresden before returning to his hometown to open his own workshop. August Rau used his excellent craftsmanship to craft pernambuco wood into both light and heavy bows.



Related articles in our information archive:

On the history of the violin bow

Ludwig Bausch: the "German Tourte"

Hopf: a dynasty of Vogtland violin makers

Fine violins of Germany and other countries

New arrivals in our catalogue
  • Antique Mittenwald violin. Neuner & Hornsteiner, approx. 1900
  • Old, c.1920 German violin from Markneukirchen - warm, bright sound
  • Antique, silver mounted viola bow. Fine German work, c.1910
  • Markneukirchen violin bow. Made approx. 1940, strong, warm, tone
  • Fine French violin No 283 by Gustave Villaume, Nancy 1931
  • Fine soloist violin by Nicolò Gagliano, 1762 (certificate J. & A. Beare)
  • French violin bow. Marc Laberte, silver mounted
  • Fine violin bow. Silver mounted master violin bow, 1920's
  • Fine cello bow. Joseph Alfred Lamy père, Paris
  • Fine French 3/4 cello bow by Louis Bazin
  • Master viola No. 19, Klaus Schlegel. Erlbach / Markneukirchen 1988
  • Modern Italian viola, Stefano Conia, Cremona 1985 (certificate Stefano Conia)
  • Fine quality Markneukirchen violin bow. Knopf workshop, c.1880
  • Modern Italian violin. Giorgio Grisales, Cremona, 1993 (certificate Giorgio Grisales)
  • 3/4 - Fine French 3/4 violin, approx. 1910
  • Ernst Heinrich Roth concert violin, Bubenreuth, 1965
  • SALE / Master violin from Bubenreuth. Violin maker Bernd Dimbarth No. 64
  • Modern violin by Beare & Son. Beijing 1995
  • Antique violin, by Schuster & Co. Markneukirchen, 1927
  • Markneukirchen violin, Carl Gottlob Schuster jr. c.1890
  • German Violin by Braun & Hauser München. Approximately 1900
  • Old French violin. J.T.L. - Jerome Thibouville-Lamy
  • Violin op. 13 by Alajos Werner, Budapest, 1910
  • H. Emile Blondelet: French violin No. 235